Conveyor Systems for Material Handling

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By Carolyn Clayton

Conveyor systems are a type of material handling equipment that is used to transfer products from one location to another. The types of materials could be raw materials, food, chemicals in fact any material that needs to be moved to the next process of production, inspection, packing or dispatching.

There are many different types of conveyors such as overhead conveyors, belt conveyors, bucket elevators, food conveyors, pivoting bucket elevators, pendulum bucket elevators and vibratory conveyers to name a few. These are powered by an electric motor, air pressure or vacuum.

The overhead conveyor can be used for many items such as assembly, distribution and food. The certainly don’t come cheap but the amount of manpower they reduce well makes up for the cost. You are also gaining some much appreciated floor space and reducing and preventing accidents. This type of conveyor is used extensively in the tyre, white goods and car exhaust industries.

A bucket elevator which can also be called a grain leg is a mechanism for moving flowable bulk materials vertically. This can be bulk materials which are either light weight or heavy, from fine to larger lumps. Basically this type of conveyor consists of the buckets which are used to contain the material, a belt to carry the buckets and transmit the pull, the power that drives the belt and any accessories for loading the buckets or picking up the material Bucket elevators can be designed to ensure that all handling of the product is undertaken using methods that are inherently gentle and cause minimum distress to the products being moved.

Belt Conveyors are used for moving multiples of bulk or unit load products to different points within the processing system. These are low cost, product specific conveyor systems which use standard conveying components in order to move within a process or to an end of line packing facility. They can be controlled by a simple push button operation at each stopping position or coupled to intelligent controls to allow a set period at each position before moving on. This form of conveyor includes Troughed, Dished Boom, Flat Bed or Plastic Modular.

Another type of conveyor is a roller conveyor which is also cost affective and very versatile. These have evolved and now you can get advanced powered roller conveyors which are designed for heavy duty applications such as pallet handling, automotive applications or storage where heavy product is loaded onto the conveyor via a machine or fork lift. Most are manufactured out of mild steel but have heavy duty rollers which are powered by a shaft mounted geared motor.

You can get conveyors designed and tailored to your exact needs. What conveyor suits one type of process might not be suitable for another. So getting the right type of conveyor for your processing needs is a must.

For more information on Bucket Elevators and Conveyor Systems please visit Gough & Co (Engineering) Ltd.

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